Hello and welcome to this mandatory two-hourannual refresher training on asbestos awareness. The following slips will give you a briefoverview of federal asbestos requirements. The message will help protect you againstwork site occupational exposures to asbestos. The information collected is presented to employeeswho work on or in constructs where asbestos is present, and to help you identify and avoidrisks. Causes get started! This trend is designed to meet the requirementsof the Environmental Protection Agency, or the EPA, and the requirements of the OccupationalSafety and Health Administration, called( OSHA ), for training of employees who may come incontact with Asbestos-Containing Material( ACM’s) while performing their job duties.The purpose of this training is to learn to identify and avoid risks of distressing asbestosa worker may encounter during work duties.This learn is intended for employees whodo not remove asbestos containing substances as their prime job function. Training of Custodial, School employees, Transportation, Engineering, Warehouse, Equipment and Maintenance craftsmen in asbestos awareness is one of thekeys to a successful asbestos platform at TUSD. This practise is intended to give workers and managers the information they needto avoid vexing asbestos, or other parts which might contain asbestos in the workplace.OSHA regulations necessary the district to know where asbestos may be present. OSHAbelieves that by not disturbing asbestos you will eliminate significant health risks foremployees.In an effort to inform works about where asbestos-containing textiles are locatedin a structure or design, TUSD has maps that contain this information online. Further in this presentation the online mapswill be explained and prove for your accessibility. Some of the federal asbestos regulatory agenciesinclude the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act, too called AHERA. AHERA is also calledthe Asbestos in Schools Act because it precisely applies to class. According to AHERA, academies must conduct an inspection for asbestos cloths within their houses. Employersmust also inform employees of what asbestos is and work towards ensuring asbestos in thebuildings remains undamaged, since undamaged asbestos constitutes no revelation to building occupants.The National Emissions Standards for HazardousAir Pollutants, too called NESHAP are air emission standards set by the EnvironmentalProtection Agency. These standards were established to manage and lower the amountsof asbestos containing information that can be released into the air during the demolitionof constructs or organizations. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or OSHA regulations are in place to protectworkers in the asbestos industry, but OSHA regulations likewise apply to general safety ofall employees in the workplace or doing workplace operations.As hard-handed as it is to believe today, at onetime beings called asbestos the supernatural information. Not merely is it a natural mineral you can digout of the soil by the ton, asbestos is lightweight, fireproof, chemical-resistant, bacteria-resistant, and doesnt conduct an electrical current. Asbestos has been quarried around the globe. White asbestos, which is called Chrysotile, came from quarries all over America. One of the mines for Chrysotile was here in Arizona.It was in the small mining town of Chrysotile, Arizona. After World War II, countless structures and homeshad asbestos containing materials installed in them; this was done because asbestosmade these produces play-act excellently, and were frugal to make as a result of supplementing asbestos. Asbestos makes accomplish so excellently, and was just so inexpensive to conclude, that in its heyday, asbestos was added to toothpaste, babe sleepwear, business suits, paw powder, body pulverize, theater shrouds, Christmas tree skirts andmany other makes, including brake shoes and control facings.Hollywood often used asbestos because it waseasy to work with. Asbestos was used as snowflakes in movies and “theyre using” it in buildingmovie places. It was also used as the Wicked Witchs broomstick bristles in The Wizardof Oz. Asbestos makes would lope sales campaignsstressing the durability and safety benefits of makes established within asbestos. One thingmanufacturers failed to mention was the effects that the nearly indestructible mineral hadon their workers forms. As more, and more asbestos workers and users of asbestos produces, were going illfrom the effects from asbestos, the authorities concerned, in 1971, finally stepped in to begin regulatingthe use of asbestos in consumer products. Very strict rules were created regarding whatmaterials could be used in the construction of a building. Asbestos is comprised of a group of natural minerals mined from the ground.Asbestos lodges are located throughout theworld, but the primary locates of business asbestos product are Canada, Russia, andSouth Africa. Commercial mining of asbestos in the United Mood was halted in the 1980 s. Once extracted from the grind, asbestos-containingrock is humiliated, ground up, and pointed. This causes long, thread-like fibers ofmaterial. What appears to the naked eye as a single fiber is actually a packet ofhundreds or millions of fibers, each of which can be subdivided even further into tinier fibers. Asbestos is the collective appoint for minerals made up of long, thin fibers that are invisibleto the naked eye.Many different types of asbestos exist, and each is grouped under oneof two categories, either serpentine or amphibole. The first radical is serpentine. All asbestosin the serpentine group is called Chrysotile. This is the most common type of asbestos foundin 95% of older houses in the United Government. The second radical is amphibole. The nameamphibole comes from Greek, meaning”ambiguous”. The amphibole group contains five typesof asbestos. The first type of amphibole asbestos is amosite.Amosite, is considered the second most common type of asbestos found in structures. Amositeasbestos is also known as brown asbestos because of its colour. The second type of amphibole asbestos is crocidolite, or blue asbestos, named after its colouring. It has been used in high-temperature insulationproducts and on chemical resistant skin-deeps, such as laboratory counters for chemistry andbiology classes.The three remaining types of amphibole asbestosare Anthophyllite, Tremolite, and Actinolite. These three are rare and have little commercialvalue. They are sometimes ascertained as contaminants or minor ingredients in asbestos-containingmaterials. Asbestos has numerous characteristic belongings, such as, high-pitched tensile strength and fighting to fire, heat, chemicals and electricity.These properties moved it an ideal building material with many industrial purposes back inthe day. It can act as a binder, a thermal insulator, and a noise insulator.Asbestos has be widely employed because it is inexhaustible, cheap, strong and is not flammable.Asbestos also has insulation owneds to heat and electrical send, and is resistantto chemical corrosion. The implementation of all of these millions of commodities is where the termasbestos-containing textiles came from. Some common examples of asbestos containingmaterials is located within class are: flooring, vinyl locate, mastic, roofing information, ceiling panels and tiles, wallboard, seam combination, plaster, gaskets in heating and HVAC equipment, duct-wrap insulation, pipe brace tape, ductvibration moderating cloth, piping/ boiler insularity, fuel brick for boilers, fireproofing& attack openings, acoustical spray-on sound proofing and cementpipes. The following slithers are pictures of asbestosin use in buildings across the country.They are intended as patterns simply. Here is a reflection of asbestos coating pipesand some asbestos tank insularity. Now “youre seeing” some pipes that are insulated with asbestos. These hoses are located above the ceiling. Here is an example of sprayed-on pipe insulation finishing established with asbestos. Here “youre seeing” some tubes that have flange gaskets made of asbestos. Here is a cloth vibration damper made fromasbestos, which is located between a structure passage and the fan. Caulk manufacturers often used asbestos before the 1980 s as it protected against fire andheat. Common situates were around the brickwork and exteriors, as you can see here. Other specimen include space putties, asbestosfire doors, electrical wiring insulation and asbestos-wrapped pipings, where the insulationaround the pipes has been damaged. Here you can see an example of sheet vinylon a counter, an asbestos-containing material which has been crumbling and could becomeairborne.A cove base is a molding that protects thebase of walls from influence impair. Here you can see an example of an old-time creek locate thatis deteriorating. The adhesive used to hold it to the walls is now showing. Both the glueand bay basi may contain asbestos. Here you can see an example of an exteriorsoffit. Note the asbestos textile is deteriorating and could become airborne. Here is an example of a ceiling with asbestos-containing fabrics. You may have insured surfacing requested on the exterior of a building that contains asbestos, such as seen here.Here you witness an example of a superstructurethat has asbestos worked on its surfacing. Acoustical texture of plaster-type coatingsapplied over lumber lath, masonry, or other surfaces dates back 2000 times. But, unfortunatelystarting in various regions of the early 1900 s asbestos was put into the plaster to strengthen it. Here you examine an example of a suspended ceiling that has asbestos related on its surface.You may still see this type of ceiling, even if they are the EPA banned such substances in 1973, with an additional ban in 1978. Some popcorn ceilings were reached applying asbestos.If you have it, do not disturb or impairment it. Remember, the merely attendance of asbestos itselfdoes not create a health hazard unless the material is disturbed and liberates fibersto the atmosphere. Asbestos fibers plied concentration withoutadding much weight; this fix it an ideal substance in gaskets, grout, tile and othercomposite fabrics. Asbestos likewise provided insulating and fire-resistantproperties, yielding it additionally beneficial in the automotive field. Asbestos fibers are so strong, durable, andvirtually indestructible, that they were almost used in every equipment store across the country.Friable asbestos can be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder, by hand pressure when dry. Non-friable asbestos cannot be influenced in this way. Non-friable asbestos refers to asbestos thatis firmly bound in a material. Non-friable asbestos is generally safer to the environmentif the asbestos is left undisturbed. Therefore , non-friable asbestos poses a lower hazard toyour state. Undamaged non-friable asbestos should be treated as friable asbestos because any shattering willmake it friable. The Environmental Protection Agency or theEPA, has divided asbestos containing materials into three categories.The first EPA category is Surfacing Materials.Surfacing Cloths are interior asbestos that has been scattered on, troweled on, orotherwise applied to surfaces like walls or ceilings for acoustical, decorative, or otherpurposes. This also includes blown-in textiles, seam or patching combinations, and texturedpaints or plasters. The second EPA category is Thermal SystemInsulation. This type of insulation is used to control heat transfer or prevent condensationon pipes and pipe fittings, and other parts of hot or cold water systems; heating, ventilation, air conditioning structures; or other mechanical systems.The third EPA category is Miscellaneous Fabric. These include cloths are available on structuralcomponents, structural representatives or fixtures, such as fire entrances, or hum damping cloth. Asbestos is a basically indestructible fiberthat, when breathed or immersed, attempts the soft tissues in the body. Most boulders and minerals breakdown into tinyparticles like particles of sand. But, asbestos breaks down into fibers, like filaments of rope.Asbestos fibers can be so small that they are invisible to the naked nose. Inhalation is the most common route of exposure.Most shows happen without the victims knowledge, since asbestos fibers are mostlyinvisible, odorless and tasteless. The health effects associated with asbestosexposure have been studied for many years. Reactions of these studies show that breathingin asbestos fibers leads to increased risk of developing various ailments. Not all people develop these cankers afterexposure, but it has been well demonstrated that most asbestos-related healths are dose-responserelated, which means that the greater the revelation to airborne asbestos fibers, thegreater the risk of developing an illness. The health effects associated with asbestos fibers can lead to an increased risk of developinglung and chest area diseases.Almost daily, we are exposed to some prevailinglevel of asbestos fibers in houses or know-how some existing level in the outdoor air.Some fibers that are inhaled remain in the lungs. Brief flares of exposure, when addedto the background level, increase its full potential to compel or trigger the process of developing anasbestos relevant malady. These brief explodes of exposure occur in many ways. For lesson, when a carpenter instructs a gap in an asbestos burn opening without taking any prudences, an increased amount of asbestos may be released into the air. The more frequently these burstsof show come, the greater the risk of breathing asbestos fibers.Keep in knowledge that everyone is exposed to asbestos at some time during their life. Low levelsof asbestos are present in the air, water, and soil. Because asbestos fibers are so big, theyrebasically invisible. Theyre likewise so light-colored that once stirred up, they can float in theair for a long time. This means that you can easily inhale asbestos fibers, withouteven known better. And once asbestos fibers get into your lungs, they can do severe damage.People most at risk for this additional exposureare maintenance type of workers who might accidently work on and vex asbestos inbuildings. The the consequences of asbestos exposure most ofteninvolve the lungs. Air breathed into the body extends through the mouth and snout, continuinginto the windpipe. The windpipe divides into smaller and smaller tubings that end upin the lungs as breath sacs called alveoli. It is in these aura sacs that breathing occurs.Oxygen is absorbed into tiny blood vessels( or capillaries) and squander gases, such ascarbon dioxide, pass out of the blood and are exhaled. The body has several mechanisms to filter the air it breathes. The first filter mechanismis used for larger corpuscles that may enter the nose or mouth. These corpuscles get caughtin the snout by the nose “hairs-breadths” or mucus.Items that participate the mouth are usually spitout. Cigarette smoking can mum both of these effects, incapacitating the first mechanism to purge the bodyof foreign molecules. If the item is smaller and travels past the first filter mechanism, it could get caught in thesecond filter, the airway tubes. When an entry is caught in the airway tubes, it isnormally swallowed or coughed out. But, if a particle is very tiny and light, it could make it all the way into the lungsand into the lung air sacs. If some corpuscles penetrate the breath sacs, thelungs will try to protect themselves. The insignificant breeze sacs in the lungs are an attempt to coatthe particles. The veneer will cover and digest the corpuscles if possible. This coatingof particles will be very difficult on the breeze sacs and buds blemish material in the lungs. If more and more asbestos fibers get intothe lungs, more and more scarring will occur, which may lead to an asbestos relevant healtheffect like Asbestosis, Lung Cancer, Mesothelioma, or other illness associated with exposure to asbestos.Asbestosis is a asbestos related health effectcharacterized by lung scarring. It reduces the lungs elasticity. When the lungs havereduced elasticity, that makes it harder to breathe and gives you shortness of breath. Asbestosis is normally seen in people whohave inhaled large amounts of asbestos fibers over a period of time. It is a serious diseaseand, in those persons exposed to high levels of asbestos. Indications can array from mildto severe, and usually don’t appear until many years after continued revelation and caneventually lead to disability or death.The typical latency season, or meter that passesfrom exposure to noticing indications is around 15 to 30 years.Lung Cancer is an asbestos related state outcome that appears to have a dose-responserelationship between asbestos exposure and lung cancer. In addition, lung cancer has a latency periodbefore it develops. Generally 30 years or longer. If you are a cigarette smoker its evenworse. Cigarette smokers who are exposed to asbestos are over 50 times more likelyto develop lung cancer than the normal , non-smoking population. Mesothelioma is an asbestos relevant healtheffect that occurs in the chest hole ordering or in the tummy lining.Cases of mesotheliomahave been found in people who have had a limited exposure to asbestos fibers. The onset of this malady is related to doseand to occasion from first known asbestos revelation. There is no known connection to cigarettesmoking. Mesothelioma tends to have a long latency period usually around 30 to 40 times. There are also several other diseases whichseem to occur more often among people exposed to asbestos. Some of the more frequent diseases includecancer of the gut, colon, and pancreas. When asbestos containing information are undamagedthey are not releasing asbestos fibers into the air, so there is no threat to your health.The health hazards begin when the asbestos fabrics are bumped, rubbed, peeled, waterdamaged, or otherwise disturbed.Do not disrupt asbestos and keep it well maintained. The EPA merely requires asbestos removal toprevent substantial public exposure to airborne asbestos fibers if the building is being demolishedor during redevelopment undertakings. The Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Actspecifically applies to class. Its the blueprint for retaining you and your co-workerssafe. AHERA requires all public and nonpublic class to have an initial inspection for asbestosand a re-inspection of known or expected asbestos at least once every three years. Harmonizing to AHERA many of the homes, houses, and academies across America contain asbestos.If local schools was built before the 1980 s, its likely that it contains some structure of asbestos. AHERA provides guidance for academies to inspectfor asbestos-containing substances in a safe and terminated manner. This is broken downto three points of inspection. The 1st pitch. Provide works with asbestos awareness drilling affording them a basic understandingof asbestos and the risks that can be caused by asbestos. The 2nd moment. Designate a contact bureau. And the 3rd point was to enable exclusively trainedand licensed professionals accomplish asbestos removal actions.As long as asbestos-containing textiles remainin good condition, the Environmental Protection Agency contend asbestos poses minimal healthrisk and recommends schools leave it in place. But, if erroneous maintenance work occurs, or the asbestos is agitated, the otherwise harmless asbestos can be released into theair. AHERA refers to a School District as a LocalEducation Agency, or an LEA. The is the subject of an Local Education Agency, the LEA, is to ensure that inspectionsof asbestos are conducted every three years, and supports employees with asbestos awarenesstraining. Also the LEA ensures that if asbestos sampling is needed, it is only done by a licensedasbestos vender, and the LEA coordinates the AHERA recordkeeping requirements.LEAs are also responsible for designatinga department which oversees asbestos management for different districts. Within the LEAs specified district is normallya equipment contact person or persons known as the Designated Person. The Designated individual , is not simply performs asbestosre-inspections and regular surveillances, but also up-dates the Asbestos ContainingMaterials Inventory reports. Asbestos Containing Information Inventory reports are known as ACMI reports. ACMI report areused to show the point of asbestos-containing cloths within the school buildings, orstructures. The ACMI reports and delineates can be obtained in FAMIS. The Facility Administration and MaintenanceInformation System or FAMIS, is the maintenance management system used by TUSD to; submitwork say petitions, and allow schools to goal the status of their requests. FAMIS also houses the ACMI reports for theschools and departments. Now are the steps to locate the ACMI reportfor your school or building.Step 1, is to open the FAMIS maintenance management system, and log into the system. Click on the Asset tab near the top of thepage. Click on the Find Asset tab.In the Asset Name box, type in the word ASBESTOS. Then click on the Find tab near the bottomof the page. Scroll down to the school youre lookingfor. On the left of the name of the school, youwill see the blue asbestos tab for the school youre looking for.Near the bottom of the page, under the Documentation heading, are the asbestos delineates and updatedACMI report. Click on the ACMI report with the most current date. Note, ACMI reports are updated every threeyears. Now is a sample of what an ACMI report lookslike. On the ACMI report you will see the FS mapnumber to identify the location of the domain being described. Too, the name or number of the apartment, thedescription of the region that was sampled for asbestos, the status of the asbestosif present, and other information that may pertain to the sampled area.Before district works start a run programme, refer to the asbestos ACMI reports in FAMIS to ensure an understanding of asbestos locations. Avoidance of certain activities, such as sawing, sanding, and instructing asbestos-containing materials will help ensure you do not disturbasbestos. If in doubt about the asbestos ACMI report information or the possibility of disturbingany asbestos-containing fabrics, contact the Equipment Help Desk at 225 -4 640. By using these practices you can keep yourself, and your co-workers safe from exposure to asbestos.Thank you for your attention to this importantmatter. Please call 225 -4 640 if you have any further questions or need further information ..