Hello and welcome to this mandatory two-hourannual refresher training on asbestos awareness. The following slips will give you a briefoverview of federal asbestos requirements. The report will help protect you againstwork site occupational showings to asbestos. This information is presented to employeeswho work on or in buildings where asbestos is present, and to help you identify and avoidrisks. Makes get started! This trend is designed to meet the requirementsof the Environmental Protection Agency, or the EPA, and the requirements of the OccupationalSafety and Health Administration, called( OSHA ), for training of employees who may come incontact with Asbestos-Containing Material( ACM’s) while performing their job duties.The purpose of this training is to learn to identify and avoid risks of vexing asbestosa worker may encounter during work duties.This exercise is intended for employees whodo not remove asbestos containing substances as their central job function. Training of Custodial, School hires, Transportation, Engineering, Warehouse, Facilities and Maintenance employees in asbestos awareness is one of thekeys to a successful asbestos program at TUSD. This discipline is intended to give workers and foremen the information they needto avoid disturbing asbestos, or other pieces which might contain asbestos in the workplace.OSHA regulations expects the district to know where asbestos may be present. OSHAbelieves that by not disturbing asbestos you will eliminate significant health risks foremployees. In an effort to inform employees about where asbestos-containing textiles are locatedin a house or design, TUSD has maps that contain this information online.Further in this presentation the online mapswill be explained and demo for your accessibility. Some of the federal asbestos regulatory agenciesinclude the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act, likewise called AHERA. AHERA is also calledthe Asbestos in Schools Act because it exclusively to be applied in schools. According to AHERA, schools must conduct an inspection for asbestos substances within their buildings. Employersmust also inform a staff member of what asbestos is and take steps to ensure asbestos in thebuildings remains undamaged, since undamaged asbestos poses no showing to building occupants. The National Emission Standards for HazardousAir Pollutant, also called NESHAP are air emission standards set by the EnvironmentalProtection Agency. These standards were established to manage and lower the amountsof asbestos containing cloths that can be released into the air during the demolitionof buildings or arrangements. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or OSHA regulations are in place to protectworkers in the asbestos industry, but OSHA regulations likewise apply to general safety ofall employees in the workplace or doing workplace enterprises. As hard as it is to believe today, at onetime people called asbestos the miracle material.Not exclusively is it a natural mineral you can digout of the sand by the ton, asbestos is lightweight, fireproof, chemical-resistant, bacteria-resistant, and doesnt conduct an electrical current. Asbestos has been quarried around the world. White asbestos, which is called Chrysotile, come back here quarries all over America. One of the mines for Chrysotile was here in Arizona. It was in the small mining town of Chrysotile, Arizona. After World War II, countless structures and homeshad asbestos containing information installed in them; this was done because asbestosmade these commodities perform excellently, and were inexpensive to make as a result of lending asbestos. Asbestos produces accomplish so excellently, and were so saving to oblige, that in its heyday, asbestos was added to toothpaste, newborn sleepwear, business clothings, paw pulverization, form gunpowder, theater shrouds, Christmas tree hems andmany other products, including brake shoes and clutch facings.Hollywood often used asbestos because it waseasy to work with. Asbestos was used as snowflakes in movies and “theyre using” it in buildingmovie specifies. It was too used as the Wicked Witchs broomstick bristles in The Wizardof Oz. Asbestos creators would race auctions campaignsstressing the durability and safety benefits of concoctions created with asbestos. One thingmanufacturers failed to mention was the effects that the nearly indestructible mineral hadon their workers bodies. As more, and more asbestos workers and users of asbestos products, were coming illfrom the effects from asbestos, the government, in 1971, ultimately stepped in to begin regulatingthe use of asbestos in consumer products. Very strict rules were created viewing whatmaterials could be used in the construction of a building. Asbestos is comprised of a group of natural minerals mined from the dirt. Asbestos situates are seen throughout theworld, but the primary locates of business asbestos yield are Canada, Russia, andSouth Africa. Commercial mining of asbestos in the United Mood was halted in the 1980 s. Once extracted from the ground, asbestos-containingrock is vanquished, ground up, and graded.This causes long, thread-like fibers ofmaterial. What appears to the naked heart as a single fiber is actually a packet ofhundreds or millions of fibers, each of which can be subdivided so far into tinier fibers. Asbestos is the collective name for minerals made up of long, thin fibers that are invisibleto the naked seeing. Different types of asbestos exist, and each is grouped into oneof two categories, either serpentine or amphibole. The first group is serpentine. All asbestosin the serpentine radical is announced Chrysotile. This is the most common type of asbestos foundin 95% of older builds in the United States.The second radical is amphibole. The nameamphibole comes from Greek, meaning”ambiguous”. The amphibole group contains five typesof asbestos. The first type of amphibole asbestos is amosite.Amosite, is considered the second most common type of asbestos found in builds. Amositeasbestos is also known as brown asbestos because of its colour. The second type of amphibole asbestos is crocidolite, or blue asbestos, appointed after its complexion. It has been used in high-temperature insulationproducts and on chemical resistant surfaces, such as laboratory tables for chemistry andbiology years. The three remaining types of amphibole asbestosare Anthophyllite, Tremolite, and Actinolite. These three are rare and have little commercialvalue. They are occasionally received as contaminants or minor ingredients in asbestos-containingmaterials. Asbestos has many characteristic assets, such as, high-pitched tensile strength and resist to fire, hot, chemicals and electricity.These belongings reached it an ideal building material with numerous industrial purposes back inthe day.It can act as a binder, a thermal insulator, and a noise insulator.Asbestos has been largely worked because it is abundant, cheap, strong and is not flammable.Asbestos also has insulation properties to heat and electrical delivery, and is resistantto chemical corrosion. The implement of all of these millions of concoctions is where the termasbestos-containing materials came from. Some common a few examples of asbestos containingmaterials found in academies are: flooring, vinyl base, mastic, roofing substances, ceiling boards and tiles, wallboard, joint combination, plaster, gaskets in heating and HVAC equipment, duct-wrap insulation, pipe joint tape, ductvibration stifling cloth, hose/ boiler isolation, fervour brick for boilers, fireproofing& fervour openings, acoustical spray-on sound proofing and cementpipes. The following slides are pictures of asbestosin use in constructs across the country. They are necessitated as lessons simply. Here provides an example of asbestos coating pipesand some asbestos tank insularity. Here you can see some pipes that are insulated with asbestos. These pipings are located above the ceiling. Now provides an example of sprayed-on pipe insulation varnish constructed with asbestos. Here you can see some hoses that have flange gaskets make use of asbestos. Now is a cloth vibration damper made fromasbestos, which is located between a structure pipe and the fan.Caulk manufacturers often used asbestos before the 1980 s as it protected against fire andheat. Common places were around the brickwork and exteriors, as you can see here. Other instances include opening putties, asbestosfire openings, electrical wiring insulation and asbestos-wrapped tubes, where the insulationaround the pipes has been damaged. Now you can see an example of expanse vinylon a counter, an asbestos-containing material which has been crumbling and could becomeairborne. A creek basi is a molding that protects thebase of walls from blow shattering. Here you can see an example of an age-old creek cornerstone thatis deteriorating. The cement used to hold it to the walls is now showing. Both the glueand creek cornerstone may contain asbestos. Now you can see an example of an exteriorsoffit. Note the asbestos substance is crumbling and could become airborne. Here is an example of a roof with asbestos-containing textiles. You may have realized surfacing devoted on the exterior of a building that contains asbestos, such as seen here.Here you learn an example of a superstructurethat has asbestos devoted on its surfacing. Acoustical texture of plaster-type coatingsapplied over lumber lath, masonry, or other skin-deeps dates back 2000 years. But, unfortunatelystarting in various regions of the early 1900 s asbestos was put into the plaster to strengthen it. Here you read an example of a suspended ceiling that has asbestos addrest on its surface.You may still see this type of ceiling, even though the EPA boycotted such substances in 1973, with an additional ban in 1978. Some popcorn ceilings were procreated applying asbestos.If you have it, do not disturb or injure it. Remember, the merely attendance of asbestos itselfdoes not create a health hazard unless the material is disrupted and handouts fibersto the atmosphere. Asbestos fibers equipped strong withoutadding much weight; this clear it an ideal substance in gaskets, grout, tile and othercomposite fabrics. Asbestos too provided insulating and fire-resistantproperties, rendering it additionally beneficial in the automotive field.Asbestos fibers are so strong, durable, andvirtually indestructible, that they were almost used in every facility store in different regions of the country. Friable asbestos can be deteriorated, pulverized, or reduced to powder, by hand pressure when cool. Non-friable asbestos cannot be influenced in this way. Non-friable asbestos refers to asbestos thatis firmly bound in training materials. Non-friable asbestos is generally safer to the environmentif the asbestos is left undisturbed. Therefore , non-friable asbestos represents a lower danger toyour health. Undamaged non-friable asbestos should be treated as friable asbestos because any injury willmake it friable. The Environmental Protection Agency or theEPA, has parted asbestos containing information into three categories. The first EPA category is Surfacing Materials.Surfacing Fabrics are interior asbestos that has been sprayed on, troweled on, orotherwise be submitted to faces like walls or ceilings for acoustical, decorative, or otherpurposes. This also includes blown-in cloths, seam or patching compounds, and texturedpaints or plasters. The second EPA category is Thermal SystemInsulation. This type of insulation is used to control heat transfer or thwart condensationon tubes and pipe fittings, and other parts of hot or cold water systems; heating, ventilation, air conditioning methods; or other mechanical systems.The third EPA category is Miscellaneous Textile. These include textiles found on structuralcomponents, structural members or fixtures, such as fire doors, or vibration softening cloth. Asbestos is a essentially indestructible fiberthat, when breathed or swallowed, strikes the soft tissues in the body. Most stones and minerals breakdown into tinyparticles like particles of beach. But, asbestos breaks down into fibers, like filaments of rope.Asbestos fibers can be so small that they are invisible to the naked attention. Inhalation is the most common route of exposure.Most shows happen without the victims knowledge, since asbestos fibers are mostlyinvisible, odorless and tasteless. The health effects associated with asbestosexposure have been studied for many years. Outcomes of these studies show that breathingin asbestos fibers leads to increased risk of development for several diseases.Not all beings develop these maladies afterexposure, but it has been well demonstrated that most asbestos-related ailments are dose-responserelated, which means that the greater the exposure to airborne asbestos fibers, thegreater the risk of developing an illness. The health effects associated with asbestos fibers can lead to an increased risk of developinglung and chest area diseases. Almost daily, we are exposed to some prevailinglevel of asbestos fibers in houses or event some existing level in the outdoor air.Some fibers that are inhaled stay in the lungs. Brief outbursts of exposure, when addedto the background level, increase the potential to start or trigger the development of anasbestos relevant canker. These brief volleys of showing occur in many ways. For lesson, when a carpenter teaches a depression in an asbestos burn entrance without taking any precautions, an increased amount of asbestos may be released into the air. The more often these burstsof exposure exist, the greater the risk of breathing asbestos fibers.Keep in memory that everyone is exposed to asbestos at some time during their life. Low levelsof asbestos are present in the air, ocean, and soil.Because asbestos fibers are so big, theyrebasically invisible. Theyre likewise so light-footed that once stirred up, they can float in theair for a very long time. This means that you can easily inhale asbestos fibers, withouteven known better. And once asbestos fibers get into your lungs, they can do severe damage. People most at risk for this additional exposureare maintenance type of workers who might accidently is currently working on and shake asbestos inbuildings. The effects of asbestos show most ofteninvolve the lungs. Air breathed into the body elapses through the mouth and nose, continuinginto the windpipe. The windpipe fractions into smaller and smaller tubes that end upin the lungs as breeze sacs called alveoli.It is in these breeze sacs that respiration occurs.Oxygen is absorbed into tiny blood vessels( or capillaries) and waste gases, such ascarbon dioxide, pass out of the blood and are evaporated. The mas has several mechanisms to filter the breeze it breathes. The first filter mechanismis used for larger corpuscles that may enter the snout or mouth. These particles get caughtin the nose by the nose “hairs-breadths” or mucus. Entries that register the mouth are usually spitout. Cigarette smoking can mum both of these effects, disabling the first mechanism to rid the bodyof foreign molecules. If the item is smaller and disappears past the first filter mechanism, it could get caught in thesecond filter, the airway tubes. When an part is caught in the airway tubes, it isnormally swallowed or coughed out. But, if a particle is very tiny and light-headed, it could make it all the way into the lungsand into the lung air sacs. If some particles register the air sacs, thelungs will try to protect themselves. The tiny breeze sacs in the lungs are an attempt to coatthe particles. The finishing will handle and digest the particles if possible. This coatingof particles are hard on the breath sacs and buds scar tissue in the lungs.If more and more asbestos fibers get intothe lungs, more and more scarring will occur, which may lead to an asbestos referred healtheffect like Asbestosis, Lung Cancer, Mesothelioma, or other ailments associated with exposure to asbestos. Asbestosis is a asbestos related state effectcharacterized by lung scarring. It reduces the lungs resilience. When the lungs havereduced elasticity, that attains it harder to breathe and gives you shortness of breath.Asbestosis is normally seen in people whohave inhaled large amounts of asbestos fibers over a period of time. It is a serious diseaseand, in those persons exposed to high levels of asbestos. Evidences can straddle from mildto severe, and usually don’t appear until many years after continued showing and caneventually lead to disability or extinction. The conventional latency span, or meter that passesfrom exposure to noticing indications is around 15 to 30 years.Lung Cancer is an asbestos pertained health upshot that appears to have a dose-responserelationship between asbestos exposure and lung cancer. In addition, lung cancer has a latency periodbefore it develops. Generally 30 times or longer.If you are a cigarette smoker its evenworse. Cigarette smokers who are exposed to asbestos are over 50 times more likelyto develop lung cancer than the normal , non-smoking population. Mesothelioma is an asbestos referred healtheffect that occurs in the chest hole stringing or in the gut rowing. Bags of mesotheliomahave been found in people who have had a limited exposure to asbestos fibers. The onset of this illnes is related to doseand to go from first known asbestos exposure. There is no known connection to cigarettesmoking. Mesothelioma tends to have a long latency period usually around 30 to 40 years. There are also several other sickness whichseem to occur more often among people exposed to asbestos. Some of the most frequently asked diseases includecancer of the tummy, colon, and pancreas. When asbestos containing materials are undamagedthey are not releasing asbestos fibers into the air, so there is no threat to your health.The health hazards begin when the asbestos substances are bumped, grinded, peeled, waterdamaged, or otherwise distressed. Do not distress asbestos and keep it well maintained.The EPA exclusively requires asbestos removal toprevent significant public exposure to airborne asbestos fibers if the building is being demolishedor during restoration acts. The Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Actspecifically applies to schools. Its the blueprint for preserving you and your co-workerssafe. AHERA requires all public and nonpublic institutions to have an initial inspection for asbestosand a re-inspection of known or presupposed asbestos at least once every three years.According to AHERA many of the homes, houses, and academies across America contain asbestos. If a school was built before the 1980 s, its likely that it contains some word of asbestos. AHERA provides guidance for academies to inspectfor asbestos-containing textiles in a safe and terminated mode. This is broken downto three points of inspection. The 1st detail. Provide employees with asbestos awareness developing imparting them a basic understandingof asbestos and the risks that can be caused by asbestos. The 2nd moment. Designate a contact agency. And the 3rd site is to ensure that only trainedand licensed professionals act asbestos removal activities. As long as asbestos-containing fabrics remainin good condition, the Environmental Protection Agency insist asbestos poses negligible healthrisk and recommends schools leave it in place.But, if unlawful maintenance work appears, or the asbestos is disrupted, the otherwise harmless asbestos can be released into theair. AHERA refers to a School District as a LocalEducation Agency, or an LEA. The aims of an Local Education Agency, the LEA, is to ensure that inspectionsof asbestos are conducted every three years, and caters employees with asbestos awarenesstraining. Likewise the LEA ensures that if asbestos sampling is needed, it is only done by a licensedasbestos vender, and the LEA coordinates the AHERA recordkeeping requirements. LEAs are also responsible for designatinga department which oversees asbestos management for different districts. Within the LEAs designated agency is normallya facilities contact person or persons known as the Designated Person. The Designated individual , not only performs asbestosre-inspections and periodic surveillances, but too up-dates the Asbestos ContainingMaterials Inventory reports.Asbestos Containing Information Inventory reports are known as ACMI reports. ACMI report areused to show the orientation of asbestos-containing information within the school buildings, orstructures. The ACMI reports and maps can be obtained in FAMIS. The Facilities Administration and MaintenanceInformation System or FAMIS, is the maintenance management system used by TUSD to; submitwork succession seeks, and allow institutions to deem the status of their requests. FAMIS too houses the ACMI reports for theschools and departments. Here are the steps to locate the ACMI reportfor your academy or constructing. Step 1, is to open the FAMIS maintenance management system, and log into the system. Click on the Asset tab near the top of thepage. Click on the Find Asset tab.In the Asset Name box, kind in the word ASBESTOS. Then click on the Find tab near the bottomof the page. Scroll down to the school youre lookingfor.On the left of the name of the school, youwill see the blue asbestos tab for the school youre looking for.Near the bottom of the page, under the Documentation heading, are the asbestos delineates and updatedACMI report. Click on the ACMI report with the most current date. Note, ACMI reports are updated every threeyears. Here is a sample of what an ACMI report lookslike. On the ACMI report you will see the FS mapnumber to identify the location of the domain being described. Also, the appoint or number of the area, thedescription of the country that was sampled for asbestos, the condition of the asbestosif present, and other information that may pertain to the sampled area.Before district employees start a use campaign, refer to the asbestos ACMI reports in FAMIS to ensure better understanding of asbestos orientations. Avoidance of certain activities, such as sawing, sanding, and instructing asbestos-containing textiles will help ensure you do not disturbasbestos. If in doubt about the asbestos ACMI report information or the possibility of disturbingany asbestos-containing fabrics, contact the Equipment Help Desk at 225 -4 640. By using these practices you can keep yourself, and your co-workers safe from exposure to asbestos.Thank you for your attention to this importantmatter. Please call 225 -4 640 if you have any further questions or need further data ..