Hello and welcome to this mandatory two-hourannual refresher training on asbestos awareness. The following slithers will give you a briefoverview of federal asbestos requirements. The datum will help protect you againstwork site occupational exposures to asbestos. This information is presented to employeeswho work on or in constructs where asbestos is present, and to help you identify and avoidrisks. Lets get started! This trend is designed to meet the requirementsof the Environmental Protection Agency, or the EPA, and the requirements of the OccupationalSafety and Health Administration, announced( OSHA ), for training of employees who may come incontact with Asbestos-Containing Material( ACM’s) while performing their job duties.The purpose of this training is to learn to identify and avoid risks of ruffling asbestosa worker may encounter during work duties. This practise is intended for employees whodo not remove asbestos containing fabrics as their prime job function. Training of Custodial, School works, Transportation, Engineering, Warehouse, Facilities and Maintenance proletarians in asbestos awareness is one of thekeys to a successful asbestos program at TUSD.This training is intended to give workers and overseers the information they needto avoid vexing asbestos, or other pieces which might contain asbestos in the workplace.OSHA regulations expects the district to know where asbestos may be present. OSHAbelieves that by not disturbing asbestos you will eliminate significant health risks foremployees. In an effort to inform works about where asbestos-containing textiles are locatedin a building or design, TUSD has maps that contain this information online. Further in this presentation the online mapswill be explained and depict for your accessibility. Some of the federal asbestos regulatory agenciesinclude the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act, likewise called AHERA. AHERA is also calledthe Asbestos in Schools Act because it specific applies to institutions. Harmonizing to AHERA, institutions must conduct an inspection for asbestos cloths within their structures. Employersmust also inform employees of what asbestos is and work towards ensuring asbestos in thebuildings remains undamaged, since undamaged asbestos poses no show to building occupants.The National Releases Standards for HazardousAir Pollutant, also called NESHAP are air emission standards set by the EnvironmentalProtection Agency. These standards were established to manage and lower the amountsof asbestos containing fabrics that can be released into the air during the demolitionof houses or arrangements. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or OSHA regulations are in place to protectworkers in the asbestos manufacture, but OSHA regulations likewise apply to general safety ofall employees in the workplace or doing workplace actions. As hard as it is to believe today, at onetime beings called asbestos the miracle substance. Not exclusively is it a natural mineral you can digout of the dirt by the ton, asbestos is lightweight, fireproof, chemical-resistant, bacteria-resistant, and doesnt conduct an electrical current. Asbestos has been quarried throughout the world. White asbestos, which is called Chrysotile, come back here ours all over America. One of the mines for Chrysotile was here in Arizona. It was in the small quarrying city of Chrysotile, Arizona. After World War II, countless builds and homeshad asbestos containing fabrics installed in them; this was done because asbestosmade these commodities accomplish excellently, and were saving to make as a result of lending asbestos.Asbestos products accomplish so excellently, and was just so efficient to move, that in its heyday, asbestos was added to toothpaste, babe sleepwear, business suits, hoof gunpowder, mas powder, theater palls, Christmas tree skirts andmany other makes, including brake shoes and clutch facings. Hollywood often used asbestos because it waseasy to work with. Asbestos was used as snowflakes in movies and they used it in buildingmovie places. It was likewise used as the Wicked Witchs broomstick bristles in The Wizardof Oz. Asbestos makes would run marketings campaignsstressing the durability and safety benefits of commodities established within asbestos. One thingmanufacturers failed to mention was the effects that the nearly indestructible mineral hadon their workers bodies.As more, and more asbestos workers and users of asbestos produces, were going illfrom the effects from asbestos, the authorities concerned, in 1971, lastly stepped in to begin regulatingthe use of asbestos in consumer products. Very strict rules were created viewing whatmaterials could be used in the construction of a building. Asbestos is comprised of a group of natural minerals quarried from the anchor. Asbestos sediments are discovered throughout theworld, but the primary sites of commercial asbestos yield are Canada, Russia, andSouth Africa. Commercial mining of asbestos in the United Regime was halted in the 1980 s. Once extracted from the sand, asbestos-containingrock is mashed, ground up, and graded.This displays long, thread-like fibers ofmaterial. What appears to the naked seeing as a single fiber is actually a parcel ofhundreds or tens of thousands of fibers, each of which can be divided even further into tinier fibers. Asbestos is the collective figure for minerals made up of long, thin fibers that are invisibleto the naked eye. Different types of asbestos exist, and each is grouped into oneof two categories, either serpentine or amphibole. The first group is serpentine. All asbestosin the serpentine radical is announced Chrysotile.This is the most common type of asbestos foundin 95% of older constructs in the United Position. The second radical is amphibole. The nameamphibole comes from Greek, meaning”ambiguous”. The amphibole group contains five typesof asbestos. The first type of amphibole asbestos is amosite.Amosite, is considered the second most common type of asbestos found in buildings. Amositeasbestos is also known as brown asbestos because of its emblazon. The second type of amphibole asbestos is crocidolite, or blue-blooded asbestos, specified after its color. It has been used in high-temperature insulationproducts and on chemical resistant faces, such as laboratory counters for chemistry andbiology world-class. The three remaining types of amphibole asbestosare Anthophyllite, Tremolite, and Actinolite. These three are rare and have little commercialvalue. They are rarely ascertained as contaminants or minor constituents in asbestos-containingmaterials. Asbestos has numerous characteristic properties, such as, high-pitched tensile strength and fighting to fire, hot, chemicals and electricity.These properties prepared it an ideal building material with many industrial purposes back inthe day. It can act as a binder, a thermal insulator, and a noise insulator.Asbestos has been largely worked because it is inexhaustible, cheap, strong and is not flammable.Asbestos also has insulation belongings to heat and electrical change, and is resistantto chemical corrosion.The call of all of these thousands of produces is where the termasbestos-containing information came from. Some common a few examples of asbestos containingmaterials found in class are: flooring, vinyl locate, mastic, roofing materials, ceiling committees and tiles, wallboard, joint deepen, plaster, gaskets in heating and HVAC equipment, duct-wrap insulation, passage seam strip, ductvibration dampening cloth, tube/ boiler insularity, fuel brick for boilers, fireproofing& fuel entrances, acoustical spray-on sound proofing and cementpipes. The following slithers are pictures of asbestosin use in structures across the country. They are represented as lessons simply. Here is an example of asbestos coating pipesand some asbestos tank isolation. Now you can see some hoses that are insulated with asbestos. These tubes are located above the ceiling. Now is an example of sprayed-on pipe insulation coating stimulated with asbestos. Now you can see some tubes that have flange gaskets made of asbestos. Here is a cloth vibration damper made fromasbestos, which is located between a structure canal and the follower. Caulk manufacturers often used asbestos before the 1980 s as it protected against fire andheat. Common plazas were around the brickwork and exteriors, as you can see here.Other samples include window putties, asbestosfire openings, electrical wiring insulation and asbestos-wrapped tubes, where the insulationaround the pipes has been damaged. Here you can see an example of sheet vinylon a counter, an asbestos-containing material which has been crumbling and could becomeairborne. A cove basi is a molding that protects thebase of walls from significance impair. Here you can see an example of an aged creek locate thatis deteriorating. The glue used to hold it to the walls is now showing. Both the glueand creek basi may contain asbestos.Here you can see an example of an exteriorsoffit. Note the asbestos information is disintegrating and could become airborne. Now is an example of a roof with asbestos-containing fabrics. You may have ascertained surfacing worked on the exterior of a building that contains asbestos, such as seen here. Here you interpret an example of a superstructurethat has asbestos referred on its surfacing. Acoustical texture of plaster-type coatingsapplied over wood lath, masonry, or other skin-deeps dates back 2000 times. But, unfortunatelystarting in different areas of the early 1900 s asbestos was put into the plaster to strengthen it. Here you learn an example of a suspended ceiling that has asbestos worked on its surface.You may still see this type of ceiling, even though the EPA censored such information in 1973, with an additional ban in 1978. Some popcorn ceilings were impelled consuming asbestos.If you have it, do not disturb or damage it. Remember, the merely existence of asbestos itselfdoes not create a health hazard unless the material is distressed and liberates fibersto the atmosphere.Asbestos fibers catered persuasivenes withoutadding much weight; this constitute it an ideal substance in gaskets, grout, tile and othercomposite textiles. Asbestos likewise provided insulating and fire-resistantproperties, making it additionally useful in the automotive study. Asbestos fibers are so strong, durable, andvirtually indestructible, that they were almost used in every facility store in different regions of the country. Friable asbestos is likely to be disintegrated, pulverized, or reduced to powder, by hand pressure when dry. Non-friable asbestos cannot be manipulated in this way. Non-friable asbestos refers to asbestos thatis firmly bound in a material. Non-friable asbestos is generally safer to the environmentif the asbestos is left undisturbed. Therefore , non-friable asbestos poses a lower probability toyour health.Undamaged non-friable asbestos should be treated as friable asbestos because any expense willmake it friable. The Environmental Protection Agency or theEPA, has subdivided asbestos containing cloths into three categories. The first EPA category is Surfacing Materials.Surfacing Information are interior asbestos that has been scattered on, troweled on, orotherwise applied to skin-deeps like walls or ceilings for acoustical, decorative, or otherpurposes. This also includes blown-in fabrics, seam or patching deepens, and texturedpaints or plasters. The second EPA category is Thermal SystemInsulation. This type of insulation is used to control heat transfer or avoid condensationon pipes and pipe fittings, and other parts of hot or cold water systems; heating, ventilation, air conditioner arrangements; or other mechanical structures. The third EPA category is Miscellaneous Material. These include information are available on structuralcomponents, structural members or fixtures, such as fire doors, or tremor softening cloth.Asbestos is a practically indestructible fiberthat, when breathed or swallowed, onrushes the soft tissues in the body. Most stones and minerals breakdown into tinyparticles like grains of beach. But, asbestos breaks down into fibers, like strands of rope.Asbestos fibers can be so small that they are invisible to the naked look. Inhalation is the most common route of exposure.Most exposures happen without the victims knowledge, since asbestos fibers are mostlyinvisible, odorless and tasteless. The health effects associated with asbestosexposure have been studied for many years. Results of these studies show that breathingin asbestos fibers leads to increased risk of development for several ailments. Not all beings develop these ailments afterexposure, but it has been well demonstrated that most asbestos-related disabilities are dose-responserelated, which means that the greater the show to airborne asbestos fibers, thegreater the risk of developing an illness.The health effects associated with asbestos fibers can lead to an increased risk of developinglung and chest area diseases. Roughly daily, we are exposed to some prevailinglevel of asbestos fibers in buildings or experience some existing level in the outdoor air.Some fibers that are inhaled stay in the lungs. Brief flares of showing, when addedto the background level, increase its full potential to begin or trigger the process of developing anasbestos related disease. These brief volleys of revelation occur in many ways. For sample, when a carpenter instructs a flaw in an asbestos shell doorway without taking any prudences, an increased amount of asbestos may be released into the air. The more often these burstsof revelation result, the greater the risk of breathing asbestos fibers.Keep in memory that everyone is exposed to asbestos at some time during their life. Low levelsof asbestos are present in the air, spray, and soil.Because asbestos fibers are so small-minded, theyrebasically invisible. Theyre too so light-colored that once stirred up, they can float in theair for a very long time. This means that you can easily inhale asbestos fibers, withouteven knowing it. And once asbestos fibers get into your lungs, they can do severe damage. People most at risk for this additional exposureare maintenance type of workers who might accidently is currently working on and shake asbestos inbuildings. The the consequences of asbestos show most ofteninvolve the lungs. Air breathed into the body moves through the mouth and nose, continuinginto the windpipe. The throat fractions into smallest and smaller tubings that end upin the lungs as breath sacs called alveoli. It is in these aura sacs that breathing occurs.Oxygen is absorbed into tiny blood vessels( or capillaries) and squander gases, such ascarbon dioxide, pass out of the blood and are exhaled.The torso has several mechanisms to filter the breath it breathes. The first filter mechanismis used for larger particles that may enter the snout or speak. These specks get caughtin the nose by the nose whiskers or mucus. Components that open the mouth are usually spitout. Cigarette smoking can mum both of these effects, disabling the first mechanism to rid the bodyof foreign particles.If the item is smaller and becomes past the first filter mechanism, it could get caught in thesecond filter, the airway tubes. When an piece is caught in the airway tubes, it isnormally immersed or coughed out. But, if a particle is very tiny and light-colored, it could make it all the way into the lungsand into the lung air sacs.If some molecules penetrate the breeze sacs, thelungs will try to protect themselves. The tiny air sacs in the lungs are an attempt to coatthe particles. The membrane will consider and digest the particles if possible. This coatingof particles will be very difficult on the breath sacs and buds scar material in the lungs. If more and more asbestos fibers get intothe lungs, more and more scarring will occur, which may lead to an asbestos associated healtheffect like Asbestosis, Lung Cancer, Mesothelioma, or other ailments related to exposure to asbestos. Asbestosis is a asbestos related state effectcharacterized by lung scarring. It reduces the lungs resilience. When the lungs havereduced elasticity, that sees it harder to breathe and gives you shortness of breath. Asbestosis is normally seen in people whohave inhaled large amounts of asbestos fibers over a period of time.It is a serious diseaseand, in those persons exposed to high levels of asbestos. Evidences can straddle from mildto severe, and usually don’t appear until many years after continued exposure and caneventually lead to disability or demise. The ordinary latency span, or day that passesfrom exposure to noticing evidences is around 15 to 30 years.Lung Cancer is an asbestos relevant state influence that appears to have a dose-responserelationship between asbestos exposure and lung cancer. In addition, lung cancer has a latency periodbefore it develops. Frequently 30 times or longer. If you are a cigarette smoker its evenworse. Cigarette smokers who are exposed to asbestos are over 50 times more likelyto develop lung cancer than the normal , non-smoking person. Mesothelioma is an asbestos associated healtheffect that occurs in the chest hole lining or in the belly ordering. Occasions of mesotheliomahave been found in people who have had a limited exposure to asbestos fibers.The onslaught of this malady is related to doseand to go from first known asbestos showing. There is no known connection to cigarettesmoking. Mesothelioma tends to have a long latency period generally around 30 to 40 years. There are also several other cankers whichseem to occur more often among people exposed to asbestos. Some of the most frequently asked diseases includecancer of the tummy, colon, and pancreas. When asbestos containing fabrics are undamagedthey are not exhausting asbestos fibers into the air, so there is no threat to your health.The health hazards begin when the asbestos cloths are bumped, grinded, peeled, waterdamaged, or otherwise disturbed.Do not disrupt asbestos and keep it well maintained. The EPA simply requires asbestos removal toprevent significant public exposure to airborne asbestos fibers if the building is being demolishedor during renovation pleasures. The Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Actspecifically applies to institutions. Its the blueprint for remaining you and your co-workerssafe. AHERA requires all public and nonpublic academies to have an initial inspection for asbestosand a re-inspection of known or presumed asbestos at least once every three years. According to AHERA many of the residences, constructs, and class across America contain asbestos. If local schools was constructed before the 1980 s, its likely that it contains some sort of asbestos. AHERA provides guidance for class to inspectfor asbestos-containing cloths in a safe and ended sort. This is broken downto three points of inspection. The 1st station. Provide works with asbestos awareness qualifying opening them a basic understandingof asbestos and the risks that can be caused by asbestos.The 2nd part. Designate a contact district. And the 3rd target is to ensure that only trainedand licensed professionals accomplish asbestos removal acts. As long as asbestos-containing materials remainin good condition, the Environmental Protection Agency vow asbestos poses minimum healthrisk and recommends academies leave it in place. But, if unwarranted maintenance work follows, or the asbestos is disrupted, the otherwise harmless asbestos can be released into theair. AHERA refers to a School District as a LocalEducation Agency, or an LEA. The purpose of an Local Education Agency, the LEA, is to ensure that inspectionsof asbestos are conducted every three years, and supplies works with asbestos awarenesstraining. Also the LEA ensures that if asbestos sampling is needed, it is only done by a licensedasbestos vender, and the LEA coordinates the AHERA recordkeeping requirements. LEAs are also responsible for designatinga department which oversees asbestos management for the district.Within the LEAs specified department is normallya facilities contact person or persons known as the Designated individual. The Designated Person , not only performs asbestosre-inspections and periodic surveillances, but also up-dates the Asbestos ContainingMaterials Inventory reports. Asbestos Containing Information Inventory reports are known as ACMI reports. ACMI report areused to show the orientation of asbestos-containing fabrics within the school buildings, orstructures. The ACMI reports and delineates can be obtained in FAMIS. The Facilities Administration and MaintenanceInformation System or FAMIS, is the maintenance management system used by TUSD to; submitwork require requests, and allow institutions to end the status of their requests. FAMIS also houses the ACMI reports for theschools and departments. Now are the steps to locate the ACMI reportfor your institution or improving. Step 1, is to open the FAMIS maintenance management system, and log into the system. Click on the Asset tab near the top of thepage. Click on the Find Asset tab.In the Asset Name box, category in the word ASBESTOS.Then click on the Find tab near the bottomof the sheet. Scroll down to the school youre lookingfor. On the left of the name of the school, youwill see the blue asbestos tab for the school youre looking for.Near the bottom of the sheet, under the Documentation heading, are the asbestos plans and updatedACMI report. Click on the ACMI report with the most current date. Note, ACMI reports are updated every threeyears. Here is a sample of what an ACMI report lookslike. On the ACMI report you will see the FS mapnumber to identify the location of the locality being described. Too, the specify or number of the chamber, thedescription of the province that was sampled for asbestos, the condition of the asbestosif introduce, and other information that may pertain to the sampled area.Before neighborhood hires start a design projection, refer to the asbestos ACMI reports in FAMIS to ensure better understanding of asbestos locatings. Avoidance of certain activities, such as sawing, sanding, and drilling asbestos-containing materials will help ensure you do not disturbasbestos. If in doubt about the asbestos ACMI report information or the possibility of disturbingany asbestos-containing materials, contact the Equipment Help Desk at 225 -4 640. By using these practices you can keep yourself, and your co-workers safe from exposure to asbestos. Thank you for your attention to this importantmatter. Please call 225 -4 640 if you have any further questions or need further information.